The Four Phases of Automobiles


Automobiles are a fundamental aspect of our society and they have changed the face of the United States. People use them for commerce and pleasure, but their most important use is for transportation. Automobiles are among the most valuable types of Personal Property in the United States. These vehicles are costly to buy and highly taxed, but their value also makes them attractive targets for thieves and swindlers. Moreover, automobiles contribute significantly to air pollution and can cause great personal injury. As a result, automobile law focuses on four broad phases in the life cycle of an automobile.

Automotive engineering

There are many opportunities to get involved in the automotive engineering field. There are professional organizations and competitions that encourage and train students to become engineers. Joining such associations will give you the opportunity to network with professionals in the field and develop your skills. Many of these associations also host conferences and professional development training.

Internal combustion engine

The internal combustion engine is the heart of any automobile. The internal combustion engine produces power in a continuous flow of gases. The gas combines with the oxygen in the air to produce energy for the vehicle. The result is an explosion of energy that propels the vehicle forward and accelerates the car. There are several types of internal combustion engines.

Safety standards

Safety standards for automobiles are a fundamental issue in the automobile industry. Automobiles must meet certain standards in order to meet federal regulations. The federal government is also required to impose safety standards on the contents of certain products. For example, canned goods and drugs must meet certain standards. Automakers are supposed to install as many safety devices as possible in their vehicles.

Social impact of automobiles

The growth of automobiles and the subsequent boom in car sales spurred new industries and jobs. Fast food, city/highway construction, state and local police, convenience stores, and auto repair shops emerged. The growth in automobiles also caused shortages of parking spaces and pollution in cities. In response, cities implemented policies to reduce traffic congestion and pollution.


The new regulations for automobiles adopted by New York are designed to reduce emissions of global warming gases. They are expected to force the auto industry to make new models that use less fuel. The state’s State Environmental Board passed the new rules unanimously. These regulations are expected to be adopted by many other states in the Northeast and West Coast. Unfortunately, the auto industry is trying to block the regulations and plans to fight them in every state that follows suit.

Research and development

Research and development (R&D) functions at OEMs are increasingly critical to the success of their business. As the industry continues to evolve, the need for more innovative and efficient automotive R&D is increasing. New technologies are requiring a much greater degree of integration of hardware, software, and other systems. In addition, the automotive industry faces a critical shortage of skilled talent and new players are pushing into the field.

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